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Tbilisi

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Tbilisi

Old Tbilisi on the banks of the Kura River, now Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia, its culture, economic and political center, as well as a very interesting and diverse city. "Warm," in Georgian "tbili" Tbilisi is based on the hot sulfur springs. According to legend, that is always told by the locals to coming here people, once the king Vakhtang Gorgasali went on falconry. His bird rushed for a duck trying to escape into the reservoir, and both boiled in a hot spring. Whether excited king decided to immortalize the falcon in the history, whether was impressed by smelly steam - but Tbilisi appeared exactly here. Today terracotta dome baths border with modern business centers, but a spirit of old Tbilisi still exists.

Sightseeings:

Tbilisi is a city full of cultural heritage sites.

Old Tbilisi - that's what kept in Tbilisi, and in many other cities around the world no longer exists. Streets are narrow in this region, and building features preserved medieval architecture.

Old Town is located at the foot of Mount Mtatsminda with Abanotubani quarter and is considered to be the most ancient district of Tbilisi. Here stone bridges coexist with symbolic medieval buildings of brick and clay. It is the oldest part of the city, that has preserved the narrow, brick-paved streets, where one can see a medieval building Fortress Narikala Metekhi temple, ancient temples "Norashen", queen's palace Daridzhan "Sachino", Anchiskhati Church, Sioni Cathedral and sulfur baths, also were preserved and partially reconstructed fragments of the old fortress walls with towers. These facilities are for many centuries. There is a huge number of historical monuments in the old town. Also medieval layout of streets was preserved, because even after the destruction of the city during the wars new houses were built on the old foundations. Only here in a small area Sioni Cathedral and the Synagogue, the Armenian Apostolic Church and built by Shah Abbas Mosque amicably coexist.

Life is always excited here: strolling tourists, artists exhibit their paintings and artisans sell a variety of souvenirs.

Narikhala fortress is the famous ancient monument of the past, the locals call it "the heart and soul of the city." The fortress is located on top of Mount Mtatsminda and the whole town is in front of it at a glance. The appearance of this fortress is referred to in IV. a. d. It has been expanded and completed several times. It was called Shuris-Tsikhe in the beginning, and after the attack of the Tatars it is known as Naryn Kala.

Metekhi temple of Mother of God (XII-XIII cc.). Sublime temple in the heart of Old Town. On the left bank of the Kura River in the XII century Metekhi castle was built - ancient fortress and residence of the Georgian kings. Near the palace, in XII century the Church of St. Mary was built,where according to legend, Queen Tamara prayed.

Palace "Sachino”. Slightly left from Metekhi, on the ivy-covered rock, the palace of queen Darejan "Sachino" rises, that from Georgian language is translated as "prominent". Palace lives up to its name in both senses. The palace was built in 1776. It has a castle-manor with a house church and yard services. Round tower of a castle stands at the edge of a cliff. Around the whole perimeter tower is surrounded by a round wooden balcony with a magnificent view of the Old Town.

In the old part of town on Banotubani area, near the banks of the Kura River are the famous Tbilisi sulfur baths. Baths were built on hot sulfur springs. Today Tbilisi sulfur baths are famous not only among tourists but also among local inhabitants, as having a valid therapeutic effect.

There are separate cabinets with a small pool inside the baths, filled with hydrogen sulfide water. This water possesses by a magic power –it helps to feel relief and to be in a good mood. And after the special massage you will feel reborn. Today, these baths are converted into spas and still make visitors to get enormous pleasure.

Sioni Cathedral is a major temple in the Old City, which until 2006 was considered to be the cathedral and the main temple of the country. It was named in honor of the Temple of Sioni situated in Jerusalem, and consecrated in the name of the Blessed Virgin. In Georgia, it is just called Sioni. It is erected on the banks of the Kura River in the historic center of the city.

On the mountain stands the oldest city park - Mtatsminda ("Mta" - in Georgian means "mountain", "Tsminda" - "holy."), where locals find peace and solitude. The observation deck offers a great view of the city. Now here is the newly opened children's park, full of different rides and entertainment. Park resembles a fairyland full of amazing places and mysterious corners. In the Mtatsminda Park there are plenty of restaurants, cafes, extraordinary beauty of the fountains.

Airoport:

Tbilisi International Airport - Georgia's main airport, located 17 km from Tbilisi, on the east side. In 2007, restructuring of the airport was completed. Railway branch to the city center was built. Direct trains cover the route between Tbilisi Central station and the airport in 35 minutes. From the airport, can be caught taxi. Also can be used suburban electric train final destination of which is the train station. Also at the airport you can rent a car.

Currency exchange:

Currency exchange is available at the airport as well as at any branch of the city bank.

Hotels:

In Tbilisi, tourists are offered a wide selection of accommodations, such as Marriott, Holiday Inn, Radisson Blu Iveria, River Side, etc.

History:

Already in the VI century, city built near the river Kura, became significant center of trade, politics and culture. This helped to attract invaders, and in 627 it was first devastated by the foray of Byzantines and the Khazars. At the end of the VII century the Arabs come to power and in the VIII century announce Tbilisi to be the center of emirates. Only 400 years later, in 1122 the town was entered into domination of Georgia, becoming the political and cultural center of the Caucasus.

In 1783, Russia and Georgia concluded Treaty of Georgievsk , according to which Georgia wasunder the protection of the Russian Empire. Iran tried to return caucasian land to its possession, and in the course of their actions Tbilisi was burnt. But Russia has supported the Caucasus, and in 1801 he joined the Russian Empire and destroyed the city was once again restored.

Today Tbilisi is one of the most beautiful cities, which is dominated by architecture from different centuries. Here are preserved historical monuments erected in VI century, and the architecture of the XIX century will assure you that you are somewhere in Europe. So this way Tbilisi looks in the XXI century.


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