Mimino Travel

Tusheti

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Tusheti

Walked into Georgia’s far northeast corner, with Chechnya to its north and Dagestan to its east, Tusheti is an increasingly famous summer hiking region but is one of the country’s the most distant and charming and intact high-mountain areas.

Sightseeings:

Tushetian women still knit the traditional socks, cotton and rugs. They are made from a natural and ecological materials. Men were making the necessary furniture and dishes for their families. These products especially well-known among the tourists.

Nowadays tourism is developing in Tusheti. There are already family hotels and a mobile communication. The most surprising place for the tourists is a village Dartlo, which has still its antique look.

Visitors are surprised by the rigor and the beauty of Tusheti Mountains, pristine and wild nature, environment of traditional provinces and tasty cooking, architectural memorials from past centuries that so closely interlace in the fascinating nature and the scenery of Tusheti.

In 2003 there were new protected places established in Tusheti. Protected territories in Tusheti contain: Tusheti State Natural Reserve, Tusheti National Park and Tusheti Protected Landscape. Full area of Protected Territories is 121.950 ha. It is 1500-4500 m. above sea level and it is one of the largest and high altitude parks on the territory of Europe.

Omalo is a main village the Tusheti province of Georgia. It is located between the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the "Pirikita Range" of Tusheti. Due to Omalo's high mountain situation on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the absence of well-maintained roads, it is mostly isolated from the rest of Georgiafor most of the year.

Omalo is divided into two parts: New and Old Omalo. The last one is called "Keselo". The palace of "Keselo" is an ancient castle, which looks down to New Omalo. The travelers are interested in this historical memorials very much.

Today there are several family hotels in Omalo.

History:

Historically on the territory of the region lived ethnographic group of Georgians- Tush, and a small Nakh Batsbi people who were under the strong influence of the Georgians. Both groups of population recognize Orthodox Christianity, there are also elements of pre-Christian beliefs. Tush and Batsbi have similar material and spiritual culture, mainly common with other inhabitants of the mountains of eastern Georgia- Pshavi and Khevsuri. Also there are typical fortified settlements with tower architecture.

The main occupation of the population has always been sheep transhumance.

By the 1840s the population of the region was united into four societies: Gometsari, chakma, Pirikiti and Tsova.

Eventually part of the population moved south, to Kakheti. In the 1960s most of the population moved to the valley Alazan: Tush-Georgians in the village of Kvemo-Alvani and Batsbi in Zemo Alvani.

Nowadays there are about dozen villages residential in Tusheti, but during winter period, almost all inhabitants move to Kakheti.

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