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History of Georgia

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georgian history

Caucasus, truly amazing region!

It would seem, well, what may be surprising and interesting in the history of such a relatively small area, as the Caucasus? But, in fact, the history of the Caucasus, including Georgia, is very interesting and, at the same time, tragic! This small, mountainous territory between two seas - the Black Sea and the Caspian, is a place where crossed two great cultures - the cultures of the West and East culture. After all, it is through the Caucasus in antiquity passed the most important roads of the Great Silk Road.

The myth about the Golden Fleece reflects the history of early relations between ancient Greece and the Caucasus. According to legend, the gold in the Caucasus was mined, dipping the skin of a sheep in a gold-bearing river water; Fleece, where were settled particles of gold has gained great value. But this method of production is not confirmed, i.e. it is unclear whether it is possible in this way to extract gold dust from flowing rivers and streams.

One of the great philosophers said that the Caucasus war will never end. And, unfortunately, it's kind of true! After all, here in the Caucasus, in almost all times and ages were conducted bloody wars.

Old Tbilisi on the banks of the Kura River, now Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia, its culture, economic and political center, as well as a very interesting and diverse city . "Warm ", in Georgian " tbili " Tbilisi is based on the hot sulfur springs . According to legend, which is always told by the locals to coming here people, once the king Vakhtang Gorgasali went on falconry. His bird rushed for a duck trying to escape in the reservoir, and both boiled in a hot spring . Whether excited king decided to immortalize the falcon in the history, whether impressed by smelly steam - but Tbilisi appeared here.

"Golden Age" of Georgia occurred in the period between the beginning of XI and the beginning of XIII centuries. Peak of heyday was during the reign of Queen Tamara, nicknamed the Great (1184-1210). During her reign Georgia reached its greatest prosperity, it was written a masterpiece of Georgian literature - Shota Rustaveli's poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin".

Georgians profess Orthodox Christianity. Georgia – is the second country ( after Armenia ) to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 326 BC.

The first mentions of the creation of the Georgian state belong to the distant X century. In those ancient times several Georgian principalities were united into a single state, which, however, lasted not very long - only three centuries . After several centuries, in the XVIII century Georgian principalities were able to unite again , and only then , most of them became part of the Russian Empire.

In July 24 (August 4) in 1783 in Georgiyevsk (North Caucasus) was signed "friendship treaty" of Russia with Georgian kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti (Eastern Georgia).

During the Russian-Turkish war of 1768-1774 King of Eastern Georgia (Kartli-Kakheti) Irakli II and King of Western Georgia (Imereti) Solomon struggled against the Turks on the side of Russia. Russia's victory over Turkey and the Turkish-Russian prisoner Kucuk Kainarji peace treaty in 1774 significantly eased the position of subservient to Turks Georgian lands - was canceled payment of tribute to the sultan by Imeretian Kingdom. However, foreign policy situation around Georgian kingdoms remained tense.

On December 21, 1782 Kartli-Kakhetian King Irakli II appealed to Catherine II to accept Georgia under Russian protection. Catherine II, seeking to strengthen the position of Russia in the Caucasus, agreed.

The agreement was concluded on July 24 (August 4) in 1783 in the fortress Georgiyevsk (North Caucasus) and signed on behalf of the Russian commander in chief, Prince Potemkin Paul, on behalf of Georgia – by dukes Ivane Bagration and Garsevan Chavchavadze.

Georgia has always been, and today is a multinational, hospitable country. To date, tourism in Georgia is developing more and more, the economy and infrastructure are also in the stage of development, situation of the country is changing for the better, there is a restoration of modern and ancient architecture. Locals are always welcome to foreigners, especially to Europeans. Therefore, in order to feel the warmth and hospitality of this lovely people, enjoy the extraordinary beauty and learn the spirit of ancient traditions it is necessary at least once in my life to visit magnificent Georgia.

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